Care and Tips
Super easy to grow award winning spectacular
Adeniums "Desert Rose" plants
(These tips are good for all Succulents and Cactus)
Cactus and succulents, such as Adeniums, are one of the easiest succulents to grow. They grow fast and create natural bonsai looking plants. When planted in the ground adeniums will grow 4...6 feet tall (some taller) with tons of flowers. If you plant in pots you can control the size of the plant from a small windowsill to a larger decorative centerpiece.
The adeniums produce spectacular flowers and grow huge caudex (massive exposed roots). The caudex gives the plants a natural bonsai look without all the bonsai growing work! In addition they create great centerpieces when in bloom.
Shipment of Plants
Adenium plants and similar leafy plants: It is common for the leaves (some or all) to fall off during or after shipment. This is normal for plants. These plants are shipped bare root so the natural defense for the plant is to conserve water which means get rid of the leaves. Just like when plants go dormant; the leaves will turn yellow/brown and fall off. This does not hurt the plant. Just replant it, place in the proper growing environment, give it a little water and the leaves will come back.
As with most succulents and cactus the plants sap is toxic. We recommend that you use gloves when handling any cactus or succulent plant. If you get sap on your skin wash it off with soap and water. It's your responsibility to take the proper cautions when handling any plants. The majority of the plants are not edible and you should always supervise children when handling the plants. Do not let pets eat the cactus or succulents. Check before buying the succulent or cactus plants. Also, cactus plants have spines (needles) that will stick (puncture skin) and in some types of cactus spines will stay in your skin. Again, use gloves when handling cactus and succulents to prevent problems. AdeniumRose Company LLC is not responsible for any damage, sickness or injury caused by the plants.
You can grow your adeniums outside all year long in Southern parts of Florida, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and California. If you live in areas that the temperatures drop consistently below 40 degrees then protect your plants. Adeniums need 5 to 6 hours of full sunlight a day to produce tons of flowers. If you give it more hours of sunlight they will grow faster and larger! They will grow in areas with less light, however, the frequency of flowering and growth of the adenium caudex will suffer.
If you like to have flowers indoors, then wait until the desert rose plants start flowering and bring them indoors to enjoy. That's what we do with our favorite adenium plants. Optionally, completely grow adeniums indoors using grow lights.
AdeniumRose Company grows seeds to seedlings using LED grow lights until they are established enough for outdoors. The seedlings are transfered to the outdoors once they are at least 3 months old and the rainy season is over. Adeniums can take a lot of water - if your soil is correct. But heavy rain (large drops and strong winds) can damage small seedlings so we prefer to keep the adenium desert roses seedlings under LED lights until they are 6 months old.
Yes, adeniums grow great in a variety of pot sizes, shapes and styles. When selecting your pot, make sure they have water DRAIN holes. Select a pot size that leaves 2 to 3 inches of free space around the roots unless you want to keep the plant from growing in size. AdeniumRose Company uses standard nursery plastic pots while growing and repot them 1 to 2 times a year until they reach the desired size.
One of our favorite types of pots are bonsai. Bonsai pots are shallow which promotes larger caudex (exposed roots) and provide the width for growth. Adeniums are not normally a deep root plant; however you can grow deep roots if you desire taller growing caudexes. AdeniumRose Company carries bonsai pots that are quality ceramic, specially selected for optional growing adeniums, cactus and succulents.
Ask AdeniumRose Company how to adjust your plants for best caudex growing (see fertilizering below) and bonsai effect or just let it grow without any shaping help for great looking plants (90% of our plants are not trained bonsai).
AdeniumRose Company recommends a good quality, coarse potting mix of 65% perlite, 5% rock, 5% sand and 20% top soil with coir or a small percentage of peat. Do not add fertilizer until the plant has been in the pot for 2...3 months. If you prefer not to mix your own soil then ask AdeniumRose Company for a bag of soil (we mix our own soil).
Yes, you can just use store bought cacti/succulent potting soil but, if you can, add white sand and small pebbles to make faster drainage. If you live in South Florida you can even plant it in the ground.
Planting adeniums, desert rose plants in the ground is a bit different than in pots. Make sure you put 8" inches of rock in the bottom of the hole for drainage, then soil retension cloth (weed stop) and then use the soil as described. Remember, using regular potting mixes and top soils will cause root rot!
When you water adeniums, you should do so thoroughly. During the spring and summer, water them 2..3 times a week. Yes, you can ignore them and water once ever two weeks but growth will not be as fast. In late fall and winter you should cut back watering the desert rose plants to 1 time a week or less depending upon your climate. If you leave on vacation they will last several weeks without any water!
The main problem, as with any cacti, is over watering. If you over water the adeniums you can cause root rot. However, if you use the correct soil this is not a problem because it will drain quickly. Adeniums like good watering but they do not like to sit in water! The main thing it to let the desert rose, adenium soil mostly dry out between watering.
If your plant tends to get less sunlight than it should or it fails to respond to blooming fertilizers then use Dyna-Gro TekT which helps the plant to intake vital nutrients along with either Dyna-Gro Grow or Dyna-Gro bloom. Low sunlight or short periods of sunlight will make your plant grow poorly because it is not getting the energy and light it needs to enough chlorophyll. Using the proper supplements will enhance the plants ability to absorb light, nutrients and water to give you a disease resistant better growing plant.
Established adeniums do not need much care. In fact, many people rarely fertilize their adeniums. However, if you want your plant to grow and develop into a real specimen with a large then you needs to fertilize because you plant needs nutrients and micro-nutrients. This is especially the cases if you want to grow your caudex on adeniums!
Just about all store bought fertilizers are lacking many micro-nutrients to promote strong roots, leaves adn the plants ability to absord light adn protect from deseases. We highly recommend the following with micro-nutrients: Use Dyna-Gro K-L-N when potting or re-potting. Also, spray the caudex (exposed roots) with Dyna-Gro K-L-N twice a year. Then use either Dyna-Gro Grow 7-9-5 every other month when you water or time released 6-6-10 (see the website) twice a year. The first number is important – low nitrogen of the right type but is only part of the story! Peters®, Miracle-Gro®, Schultz® and others use wrong type of nitrogen type that can burn roots! Plus they are missing many vital micro-nutrients!
Planting bare root and/or leafless adenium plants
Most adenium bare root plants shipped are leafless to help prevent moisture lose and plant shock.
Adeniums can last 3..4 weeks as a bare root plant if you keep them out of sunlight to prevent too much drying out. If your adeniums has leaves expect them to fall off.
This is how we do it when we receive plants:
1) First do not crop the adenium desert rose branches or the roots at this time.
2) Dip the adenium roots in Super thrive liquid, root hormone or similar root fertilizer if you have it. You do not have to do this. However, if you do, the leaves will burst out quickly which will greatly help the growing process. Liquid hormone is better than powder for adeniums. A little bit of Super thrive goes a long way. Only leave the desert rose plants roots in the liquid for 3...4 minutes.
3) Get a pot with drain holes and put large rocks over the holes. We do not recommend putting directly in the ground if you lie in the right zone until you second potting.
4) Fill the pot 1/3 with the adenium soil mix. DO NOT USE STANDARD POTTING SOIL! Adeniums do not like water and potting soil has way too much water retaining elements in it. Yes, you can use store bought cactus mix. If you do this add some very small non-porous rocks to the mix (about 10 percent).
5) Put the adenium plant in the pot and fill in around the roots with the soil mixture.
6) On top of the desert rose soil put some non-porous rocks to keep the soil from floating away when watering.
7) Do not water the adenium yet! You already dipped it in the hormone so you need to give it time to absorb the nutrients.
8) Plant your desert rose plant in 70% to 80% sunlight for the first week.
9) After the first week you can place the adeniums in full sunlight
10) Water in 24 hours and test the soil to make sure it drains very quickly.
The best way to get answers is to post a question on the AdeniumRose company blog.
Adenium hybrids flowers are specially grown plants that produce unusual flowers and plant forms. Adeniums in nature consist of shades of pink flowers, pink with white and slight variations. Growers cross pollinate different flowers to create new flower colors, shapes and sizes. Current hybrids come in many different colors, sizes, shapes and with interesting patterns (stripes, dots, etc). You do not see the hybrids in regular stores due to their higher costs as they are not massed produced.